When Ruhollah Khomeini, while visiting Iraq met with Muhsin Al-Hakim, he urged him to take action against the Baath regime who has just arrived to power in 1968. Al-Hakim is said to have replied: “If we took drastic measures people would not follow us. The people lie and follow their whims, they are in pursuit of […]Read More Remnants of Nietzschean aristocracy
From Human All too Human, “A Glance at the State” Paragraph 472: But what if a quite different conception of government such as is taught in democratic states begins to prevail? If it is regarded as nothing but the instrument of the popular will, not as an Above in relation to a Below but merely […]Read More Nietzsche: Prophet of the Twentieth Century?
How did the “Lebanese” discover that they had a Phoenician tradition? Or for that matter how did the Arabs discover that they had some past glorious tradition that was decimated by the Ottomans? Don’t we read Arabic history as one that stops around the Abbasid era, and that then picks up around the end of […]Read More Unearthing civilizations
This needs to be thought over more clearly, but it seems to me that “Lebanese” history could be read as divided into four phases: 1- Before and up to the national pact of 1943 that established Maronite predominance and Sunni ambivalent pragmatism. Bear in mind that up until this point, there is much opposition to […]Read More Lebanonisms: a quick retrospective